Saturday, December 12, 2009

Burmese expert criticized Japan

Burmese expert criticized Japan

Alin Sek Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama said that Japan would "continue to encourage rather than impose" democratic change in Burma challenges and challenges remained in Burma.

Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono opened the second Bali Democracy Forum on Thursday and Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama and senior officials from more than 20 countries attended the start of the two-day gathering at the island of Bali. It held from 10-11 December 2009.

Under the broad theme of "promoting synergy between democracy and development in Asia", the two-day forum is the second in an initiative launched last year by the Indonesian government.

Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama said elections this year in India, Indonesia and Japan testified to the health of democracy in the region. But he said challenges remained in countries like China, Burma (Myanmar) and North Korea.

Nyan Win, an National League for Democracy (NLD) spokesperson told on Friday, “I think Japan said in understatement about Burmese democracy challenges because all ways of Burmese junta are not democratic changes. All undemocratic regimes emphasized development than democracy to size their power continually. Burmese military junta may held 2010 election, but, it will not be free and fair election.”

Hatoyama said Japan would "continue to encourage rather than impose" democratic change in Burma (Myanmar), and called for the junta to ensure elections scheduled for next year are held with the "blessing of the international community".

Win Tin, a veteran journalist and a Central Executive member of NLD told on Friday,” “I disagreed Japan ‘s encourage than impose way because military dictators could not encourage. We must impose them with coercion not only economic sanction.”

He added that, “The speeches of Japanese prime minister were not enough for Burma because he said only about free and fair. Actually, creditability and all inclusive are more important than free and fair. To be creditability and all inclusive, Burmese junta need to mend their constitution.”

Some analysts said that Japan has also been reexamining its relations with its Asian neighbors since Hatoyama’s Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) took power in August. With Japan’s economy suffering its worst downturn in decades, Tokyo is turning increasingly to Asia to offset the weakness of the US as a market for Japanese exports.

At Asean+3 and East Asia summits in Hua Hin on October, Japanese prime minister raised the issue of Burma’s democratization process and said that Japan hoped all stakeholders in Burma’s democratization process would be included in an election slated to take place next year.

As part of its effort to strengthen ties with the Mekong region, Japan agreed to commit more than 500 billion yen (US $5.5 billion) in the next three years to promote economic development and fight climate change in the region, according to Japan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The Bali Democracy Forum is intended to provide an "open framework" for dialogue where countries like communist China and military-ruled Burma can participate without fear of censure.

The President of the Republic of Indonesia, Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono also said that "The crisis has forced the world to conduct restructuring that is more democratic. One of the consequences (of the crisis) is the surge in demand for more inclusive growth," he said.

He said representative, accountable government would be "hollow" without development.

"Many have the opinion that democracy is not the ultimate objective. The ultimate objective of democracy as well as development is creating prosperity for the people," he said.

Win Tin said that, “There is no democracy, there is no development. But some developing countries especially China emphasized stability than democracy for development to shield their human rights abuses. Burmese military also followed China and Burmese regime ignored democracy and all human rights.”

Countries that have scheduled to participate are among others Afghanistan, Australia, Iraq, Malaysia, Burma, Japan, Tajikistan, Timor Leste, and Vanuatu. Observing countries that have given great interest to attend are the United States, Norwegia, and the Netherlands.

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